Ephesus is one of those ruins that even Presidents go to see. Several days earlier, the place was shut down when President Clinton and his family visited it.
This site is some 6 kilometers from the sea but it was once a thriving seaport. In this photo all of the brown material is river delta material that silted in the harbor and extended the shoreline seaward, creating the demise of Ephesus.
Ephesus was the site of the 2nd largest ancient library after Alexandria (Celsus library as reconstructed).
They used the water effectively in one of the best
preserved public toilets that I have seen, being demonstrated
here by our tour guide.
Since Ephesus was a thriving seaport, they also had at least one bordello, this pavement block engraved with what is believed to be the directions to the nearest one. The advertising pavement block has a business card, a representation of the merchandise or proprietor, a foot oriented in the direction of the establishment, a cross indicating an intersection where one was to turn left, and a broken heart in the upper left.
There were also some wonderful columns of granitic rock that may have been brought from as far as Egypt. These were about 4 ft in diameter.
The nearby town of Selcuk has a great market place
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