Turkey's Cappadocia region

The Cappadocia region has some classic differential weathering features in a volcanic ash that have been used for human uses and today supports a major tourism area in Turkey.  The following picture is the common postcard depiction of the towers (fairy chimneys).

Tower with dwellings

A cave motel in Goreme

Pumice rich volcanic tuff

One of three volcanoes in the area responsible for the ash.

Variations in ash composition produces layering visible in the towers (different volcano sources or various in eruptive material from same volcano?).

Close-up of one tower

Close-up of layering

Another resistant block on tower just too tempting to resist.

Pigeon Valley panorama

Star Wars filming site panorama

Erosional towers are not the only ones in region. These towers are used to dry animal dung for fuel supply.

Turkish coffee predicting towers in my future.

Tunnel in underground city used as defense against invaders.

Stone door to block off tunnels

Christian church paintings in underground cities or monasteries.

Christian church paintings over earlier geometric symbols

Cliff dwelling village at end of Ihlara Valley

Trail into the village (donkey and cow dung pile along trail)

Residents collecting and transporting water from stream.
 

On to Pamukkale, Turkey